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    Where is the HIJAB Come from ?

    Where is the HIJAB Come from ?

    As a social phenomenon, female’s head covering is known to be born in Sumerians time to let on the holy temple women from others. This was not an actual society matter in order to that what interests us more its usage in the reign of Assyrians Civilisation. 

      Here, the "Assyrian law" was introduced at this point in the historical process.
    And we find in the Assyrian society the first written sources in history about the bases of the Turban/Hijab or more meaningfully the dressing styles of muslim women.(1) Assyrians felt the need of a law article that includes precautions to certain disorders among women in public and answers to the question; how women should be present in public? We will come back to answer “why” to this need’s existence back then.

          This article can be regarding to the women’s presence in public can be summarised as following;“Whether married, widowed or Assyrian Senior Women are not allowed to go in public without a headscarf on and however rest of the women who are not mentioned  in one of the the first states can not use headscarf in public, their head must be bare.”(2)  Reflexively, a prestige increase for the veiled women in Assyrian community were ensured.

        As it refers to Hijab usage it is a little bit different since it is not related with adolescence as it is in Islam.
        In hegira life, since the beginning, muslims that left their homeland Macca with Prophet Mohammed encountered many different issues in Madinah’s social life. They were in a completely different community. Because Madinah was not alike with Macca; it was much more crowded and public was consist of different ethnic groups that are connected with different religions and beliefs. People did not know each other or their relatives, wives.

         That case was leaving a door open to their girls and women to be harassed in their daily life by men and not treated the way Islam suggests it or the way they wanted them to be in public.(3)

       That problem was common in half with Assyrians. The need leaded them for a regulation in Law that covers the matter. Such as Quran leaded muslims and uplift muslim women by commanding them to cover theirselves when they are in a situation a stranger men at sight.

        Holy Quran draws attention and advices women who are harassed by men: distinguish yourselves from others(4) and you will be known. Thus, it reveals clearly which circumstances muslims were in at that moment.

    Two of the verses on this matter;

    1. Al-Azhap (The Parties)

    59.   O prophet, tell your wives, your daughters, and the wives of those who acknowledge that they should lengthen upon themselves their outer garments. That is better so that they would be recognized and not harmed. God is Forgiver, Compassionate,

    1. Al-Noor (Light)
    31.   And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and to be mindful of their chastity, and not to display their charms [in public] beyond what may [decently] be apparent thereof; hence, let them draw their head-coverings over their bosoms. And let them not display [more of] their charms to any but their husbands, or their fathers, or ..

       Muslim women embraced hijab and kept as one of their most valuable possessions throughout the history until the days of our time.

    hegira: The Hegira (also called Hijrah, Arabic: هِجْرَة) is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib, later renamed by him to Medina, in the year 622.

    1. (Toplumvetarih, Turban ve Asur Yasalari, 2003)
    2. (Prof. Mebrure Tosun-Doç. Dr. Kadriya Yalçav, Sumerian, Babylon, Assyrian Laws and Ammi-Aduqa Enactment, Ankara, 1975, s.252, code number 40.)
    3. El-Kurtûbî, el-Câmi’, C.VII, s. 396; en-Nesefî, Tılbetü’t-Talebe, s. 950.
    4. Edip-Layth (Quran: A Reformist Translation), 2007
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